Ara fa un any

Ara fa un any, Kenya acabava de tenir eleccions i es trobava en plena fase de violència. A començaments de gener els desplaçats interns (IDP) s’havien instal·lat a Limuru i a Tigoni, on hi havia un parells de camps.

Podeu veure’n una sèrie de fotos aquí (Limuru) i aquí (Tigoni).

Camp de desplaçats de Tigoni

Camp de desplaçats de Tigoni

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Ja hi ha govern… amb rècord de dones

No, no es tracta del nou govern Zapatero.

Per fi les negociacions entre els dos principals partits de Kenya, després de l’acord al qual van arribar fa setmanes, sembla que han acabat. El president Kibaki ha nomenat el nou govern, amb un primer ministre (Odinga), 40 ministres i 52 ministres adjunts. Encara sort que no era un tripartit…

The Standard critica directament el nombre de ministres, que augmentarà les despeses, i remarca el rècord de set dones. The Daily Nation és més moderat. Els càrrecs s’han repartit de manera equilibrada pel que fa al número, però no tant pel que fa a la categoria. Els principals són aquests:

Prime Minister: Raila Odinga
Vice-President and Home Affairs: Kalonzo Musyoka
Finance Minister: Amos Kimunya
Deputy PM and Trade: Uhuru Kenyatta
Deputy PM and Local Government: Musalia Mudavadi
Agriculture Minister: William Ruto
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Votar aquí, votar allà

El 9 de març era a Barcelona una professora de Strathmore University, universitat que vam conèixer quan vam ser a Nairobi, molt propera a Kibera, un dels slums de la capital. Vam acompanyar-la a conèixer Barcelona, però aprofitant la sortida per anar a votar.

No se’n sabia avenir que votéssim en tres minuts, i això que podria haver estat menys temps per qui portés el vot preparat de casa i recordés la taula que li tocava.

Ella ens va explicar que havia fet cinc hores de cua per votar el mes de desembre. I quan votes, allà et tenyeixen un dit perquè ningú pugui fer trampes i tornar-hi. Aquí en teniu una foto:

Es fa servir una tinta blau anyil

Foto de mentalacrobatics a flickr

El mateix autor de la foto té una entrada molt complerta al seu blog, amb fotos il·lustratives, on recull la seva experiència de quan va anar a votar; té també un altre grapat de fotos a flickr. Explica com es va passejar per Nairobi veient com anaven les coses (al cap i a la fi, ell només va tardar gairebé dues hores). El resum del procediment ja dóna pistes:

When you got to the front of the queue you handed over your National Identification card/Passport and your voter’s card to the first official (1) who checks to make sure that the details on the two documents match and he then passed the documents to the second official (2) who checks that the name on the voter’s card appears in the Voter’s Registrar. Satisfied that I am entitled to vote at this particular polling station they pass my documents on to a third (3) and fourth (4) person who hand me my ballots which consisted of three sheets in total, one sheet for presidential, one sheet for parliamentary, one sheet for civic candidates each one a different colour paper, red/pink, yellow and blue respectively.

The Presidential ballot was printed in colour and had a passport size photo of each of the nine candidates next to their name, party name and party symbol. The parliamentary ballot was printed in colour as well but did not have the photos. The civic ballot was printed in plain black on blue paper.

Once you collected your ballots you left your ID and Voter’s Card with the last official (5) as you made your way to the voting booth to mark your ballot. The voting booth was a table partitioned into three using cardboard. Simple and functional. You had enough privacy to mark your ballot without your neighbour seeing your choices.

Once you were done you then cast your ballots into three boxes, one for presidential ballots, one for parliamentary, one for civic. Each box had a label on the top to ensure that you put the correct ballot in the correct box.

Once you cast your ballot you went back to the desk to collect your documents from the official (5) and for the all important ritual of dipping your finger in the purple dye which signifies you have voted and stops people from voting twice.

La cua a Nairobi

Una altra foto de mentalacrobatics, en aquest cas amb una cua a Nairobi

Els bisbes davant les eleccions

Com decideix el vot un cristià? Poden dir-hi alguna cosa els bisbes? I a la resta de ciutadans?

Aquestes preguntes que ara estan de moda per la nota de la Conferencia Episcopal davant les properes eleccions no són alienes a Kenya.

Allà, al mes d’agost ja es va glossar a les homilies del diumenge una carta pastoral dels bisbes davant les eleccions de desembre. No deixa de tenir la seva gràcia comparar ambdues notes (la dels bisbes kenyans està sencera aquí). Per exemple, fan campanya decidida per entendre Kenya com un país i una democràcia en construcció, parlen de la corrupció, de conflictes d’interessos o de la necessitat d’una educació cívica.

Algunes de les consideracions dels bisbes, que en aquell moment ens van semblar simplement curioses, amb els mesos s’ha vist que eren importants. Copiem les característiques que cal que tingui un candidat (wananchi és el terme swahili que significa ciutadans):


L’arquebisbe Ndingi mwana a’ Nzeki, arquebisde de Nairobi fins l’octubre de 2007

5. QUALITIES OF CANDIDATES FOR ELECTIONSWe are calling on all Kenyans to inform themselves adequately on those seeking election. It is not enough to know the candidates qualities vaguely. We must establish their stand on relevant issues and know their track record on honesty and uprightness.
There is no shortage of candidates for the many elected posts in our country . From our perspective, wananchi must be careful to elect honest and trustworthy candidates. If a corrupt person is elected , the long cycle of deprivation and abuse of office will be prolonged and moral fibre of our nation will continue to be eroded.
Our dear Kenyans, we would like to outline some of these qualities that we should look for as we exercise our democratic right. All of us citizens expect the following values or principles to be incorporated into the vision of our leaders.
1. Religious freedom for all people living in Kenya be upheld and respected.
2. The dignity of each and every human person be enhanced and protected
3. Everybody should respect the basic right to life from the moment of conception to natural death. This means no abortions, no Euthanasia and no capital punishment. The fifth commandment of God instructs “you shall not kill” (Ex.20:13).
4. Elected leaders shall recognize the centrality of the family in society and defend it.
5. Elected leaders shall promote the common good where all people participate and benefit from the goods available. Selfishness and greed must stop.
6. Leaders must protect the interest of the weak, and the poor and the marginalized in society wherever they found.
7. Leaders must support measures which guarantee security for all in whichever place or situation in which people find themselves. The rule of law and order must be up held.
8. Idleness is causing a lot of problems for our country. So leaders must promote the right to work, the right of workers and employees. Kenya must be a working nation if it has to achieve its goals.
9. Our political leaders must work towards providing access to water regular food, good roads, quality education and health care.
10. Leaders must ensure that measures are taken to protect the environment.
11. Elected leaders must foster the culture of living together in peace, justice for all, dialogue, political tolerance and living according to the rule of law and order. The leaders should not divide wananchi along tribal lines but work-together as unified nation, for prosperity.
12. Any candidate promoting violence or inciting people to violence or promoting hatred should not be elected.
13. Kenyans need elected leaders who will handle the perennial problem of land affecting the nation. Some individual people own massive lands and others are born and live in the gutters and streets of our cities and in the mountains. Many others are perpetual squatters and thus are reduced to sub-human living. We urge displaced persons should be resettled.
14. Leaders must ensure more equitable distribution of natural and national resources of Kenya to help build one nation.

I les últimes recomanacions:

8. POST-ELECTION

We ask that all those that wananchi have not elected to accept the results and cooperate fully with those who have been elected. Let the election increase the bonds of unity in our nation.

9. NECESSITY OF CIVIC EDUCATION

In order to vote correctly people must have an informed mind and conscience. They must know the relevant issues and the qualities of candidates as outlined above. Civic education is therefore a necessity. From past experience, we know that the quality of civic education has not formed people enough. We have witnessed the organizing of groups to incite violence, as well as “the buying of votes” or voting cards. Too often, the civic education sessions have been turned into political rallies. This time around, we are appealing to all converned to give space for proper civic education. This is part of the “level playing field” that is often forgotten or not even mentioned.

The people must not be impoverished or be denied their basic rights by the use of money, or kind, to influence their voting patter: such practices dehumanize people and make them unduly dependent on the purpoted “bread-providers”. The role of civic education is to educate not to manipulate. And therefore, like in the past, the Catholic Church will be fully involved in civic education through its Catholic Justice and Peace Commission.

10. CONCLUSION

We appeal to all Catholics and people of good will, to employ dialogue at this sensitive time for the betterment of everyone. The relationships that are established in a climate of dialogue overcome ethnic divisions and ideological differences. Dialogue prompts people to seek out what unites rather than what divides them.

Finally, our strong message is an appeal to all to endeavour to build the civilization of love. It is only love for God and for one another that can transform the human person and the entire Kenyan society.

No pensàvem pas a l’agost que aquestes línies fossin advertències tan profètiques.

Una alumna del col·legi Loreto, a Limuru, amb la parròquia de St. Joseph

Desplaçats a Tigoni

Sembla que a l’estació de policia de Tigoni s’hi va amuntegant gent. la CNN ho explica així:

Just Wednesday, Mwangi said, 6,000 people converged on an internally displaced persons camp on the very day it opened, in the town of Limuru, in central Kenya.

That camp is one of roughly 300 internally displaced camps in Kenya, which has long sheltered hundreds of thousands of refugees from other nations in sprawling refugee camps but has erected such camps for uprooted Kenyans only after natural disasters, Mwangi said.

“We’ve never known internally displaced camps like this,” he said.

Però la premsa kenyana diu clarament:

In Limuru, 6,000 displaced people were camping at the Tigoni police station, up from only 45 on Friday last week.


Un policia vigilant un camp de refugiats prop de Limuru (EFE)

Intentarem tenir notícies noves de les de Kimlea.

Plantacions en crisi

Per molt que vulguem, no podem prescindir del que està passant a Kenya.

Una notícia recent publicada per la UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs explica com la situació actual ha afectat les plantacions dels voltants de Limuru, on és Kimlea.

Blow to horticultureThe horticultural industry, which is a major employer, has also been hard hit. “There is fear all over with vehicles being burnt. Most of our clients are also not placing orders for our products,” Gerrison Wachira, a grader with the horticultural farmers and exporters’ organisation, said.
“We rely on produce coming in from some of the worst-affected areas, such as Eldoret, for passion fruits,” Wachira said.
He said the organisation, which had already laid off casual workers, had been on the verge of closing. “We are going to ship our produce for the first time this month next week,” he said.
The organisation normally ships its produce three times a month and employs at least 80 casual workers who earn 300 shillings ($4) per day. Other horticultural organisations employ hundreds of casual workers.
“Most firms have reduced their manpower,” he said.
The organisation, which mainly relies on road transport by night, has been hit by the insecurity, with most stakeholders considering using local airports, which are more expensive, to transport their produce.
“The government should ensure that there is security for everyone,” Wachira said. “The leaders should talk together and preach peace; they are the ones who have not communicated with the people.”
According to the Secretary General of the Kenyan chapter of the Central Organisation of Trade Unions (COTU), Francis Atwoli, the crisis will have hit the broader economy.
Already, at least 60,000 people lost their jobs in tea farms in Kericho, 20,000 in Nandi hills, and 10,000 in Limuru, Atwoli said. Another 40,000 workers were let go in Naivasha, with the government providing security in the horticultural farms in the area, he said. Hundreds more had lost jobs within commerce, in banks and supermarkets, for example, after finding it unsafe to continue working in some areas, he said.
At least 400,000 people are expected to lose their jobs if the crisis continues, with a knock-on effect in neighbouring, landlocked Uganda, which relies heavily on Kenya’s transport network for its imports.
Some industries in the country were not functioning as they should, with employees being laid off, Uganda’s deputy prime minister, Eriya Kategaya, said on local television on 30 January. “Factories are being forced to retrench workers,” Kategaya said.

KIMLEA 08

El Projecte Kimlea comença un nou curs!

Hem estat alguns dies escrivint sobre la situació a Kenya perquè semblava una mica incoherent parlar de les condicions de vida d’un raconet d’aquell país mentre el país sencer se n’anava en orris.

Però ara ja toca, independentment del que passi allà, tornar a parlar de Kimlea perquè ja comencem a buscar recursos pels projectes d’enguany, dels quals parlarem als propers posts.

La primera iniciativa és una festa. Copiem la convocatòria que a molta gent li haurà arribat per mail:

La fiesta es el viernes 15 de febrero en la discoteca SOL Club (Villarroel 216), a partir de las 24:00 h y estará genial. Esperamos mucha gente y os animo a que vengáis, hagáis correr la voz y nos enviéis a un montón más. El dinero de la entrada (15,-€ por persona) va destinado íntegramente a un proyecto en la localidad de Limuru, cerca de Nairobi y es para mejorar la asistencia médica y social de toda esa gente. Está respaldado por la Fundació Montblanc.
Las entradas las podéis comprar en la tienda Aïta de la calle Calvet nº 17 (horario de 10h a 14:30h y 15:30h a 20:30h. Los sábados de 10h a 14h y de 17h a 20:30h), o en la tienda Aïta de la calle Manila nº 45 (horario de 10h a 14:00h y de 17:00h a 20:30h. Los sábados de 10h a 14:00h).
En caso de que alguien quiera hacer un donativo, puede ingresarlo en el número de cuenta 0075-1335-01-0600033607, indicando como concepto “Kimlea 2008“.
Cualquier cosa podéis poneros en contacto conmigo (Ana: 696084380) o con Mª Alba (639056838).

O sigui que ja ho sabeu!