Notícies de Kimlea

Escriuen des de Kimlea sobre la situació en aquella zona de Kenya, a la qual hem fet referència en diversos posts. A més de moltes notícies sobre la Clínica, Maramba i Gatina, que ja explicarem, la Frankie diu:

Although there were skirmishes in Limuru and Tigoni, they did not reach us, thanks be to God. The people in Maramba and Gatina are okay. There is no problem in the plantations now but in some of them the people who were not Kikuyus have been sent away to their ancestral homes.

In Kimlea we have not been affected at all but there are several students whose families were affected and some are living in the displacement camps in a miserable situation. We are studying ways of helping them even if only with food, clothing and medicine. We have been going with groups of our students to visit those in the displacement camp in Limuru (about 1000 families) and the situation is pathetic. It makes me cry and I feel helpless to solve a problem of such magnitude.

Kianda Foundation is currently working on a plan to train the young girls and mothers from these camps in Kimlea until they are settled elsewhere.

És moment d’aconseguir encara més recursos! Recordem a tothom que hi ha una festa divendres vinent amb aquesta finalitat…

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Kianda Foundation i la primera escola multirracial

Kianda Foundation està a l’origen de Kimlea Girls Technical Training Centre i Kianda School. En aquest article del Sunday Standard de l’any 2005 es parla de l’Olga Marlin, a qui algunes vam tenir la sort de conèixer.

A l’article, s’explica com va ser possible aconseguir els permisos per iniciar una escola oberta a blancs, negres i indis, en un moment que Nairobi encara estava totalment dividida en barris segons les races.

Va ser gràcies a l’ambaixada del Japó. Aquí s’explica la història (val la pena llegir tot l’article i el llibre d’Olga Marlin, To Africa with a dream, publicat en castellà amb el títol Con un sueño en África):

But nothing had quite prepared her for the shocking reality on the ground. She arrived in Kenya when residential areas were segregated, as were clubs, schools, restaurants, and even the public transport system.

Social interactions between the races was taboo, and Olga and her group soon realised that they would have a difficult time selling the idea of a multi-racial school that would see white students learning side by side with their Asian and African peers.

Initially the idea was to set up a finishing school which would give African women a chance to acquire secretarial skills in courses that would help them get better jobs and uplift their living standards. At the time, Olga says, people thought they were mad to even come up with such an idea, but a female member of the Kenyatta family whom the group met soon after their arrival, gave them the courage to move on.

“You have arrived at a very good time to open a school for girls. Our women need education to become self-reliant, respect themselves and make themselves respected. This can only happen when they are financially independent. Your school should provide them with the necessary skills,” the Kenyatta family member said.

After a brief teaching stint at Kenya High School, then a whites-only school, Olga moved on to carry out their vision.

By 1961, after months of giving music lessons and coaching students in various subjects to raise money, the group was ready to start.

But there was a problem. One of the students was Goan and the city council would hear nothing of registering Kianda, first located in Valley Arcade — a white residential area — and two with a non-European student on board.

They would first have to seek the approval of the residents, the council said.

Her proposal to the residents was flatly rejected and Marlin was crushed. “It was simply one of the worst moments of my life,” she says.

She then knew that they would have to move out of the area if their mission to give African girls a chance to study was to be fulfilled.

One of her students offered to help. Her father, Paddy Rouche, owned an estate agency in Nairobi’s Westlands and had just identified a parcel of land along Waiyaki Way (Kianda School’s present location), which was on the border of a reserve on which the Japanese embassy also stood.

At this time, the government also decided to declare some plots in the area multi-racial and Kianda (Kikuyu for valley) finally found a home which would be led by Olga until 1980.

It would be the first of several educational institutions put up by the Kianda Foundation in its quest to uplift the educational standards and general welfare of women in Kenya.

Registered in 1961 in Nairobi, its development has over the years given rise to a primary and secondary schools as well as the Kibondeni Catering School and the Kimlea Girls Technical Training College in Kiambu.

The latter has saved hundreds of girls from the degrading and exploitative child labour rampant on the coffee plantations in the district.

Sort que van haver de fer lloc per als japonesos!

I encara una altra cita, que demostra que no només calia alliberar-se de prejudicis racials:

To Olga, the eldest child in a family of six, African women were in a vicious circle those days: “They needed education for freedom and freedom to be educated.

Val a dir que la família de l’Olga sembla excepcional…

Notícies de Kenya

Hem tingut notícies de Kimlea i d’altres persones que van estar amb nosaltres a l’estiu. Estan força tranquil·les, malgrat tot, i amb confiança que de mica en mica el clima de violència anirà afluixant. A Kimlea, però, no surten de la finca, tot i que la zona de Limuru està en calma.

El que més els preocupava (la marxa a Uhuru Park, que podia ser el detonant d’una nova escalada de violència) sembla que es va aplaçant cada dia, mentre apareixien altres vies d’arribar a alguna mena de solució.

Uhuru Park, amb el Parlament i el mausoleu de Jommo Kenyatta, el primer president kenyà. Uhuru significa llibertat. Té llacs artificials i espais preparats per assemblees i parlaments.

Vam preguntar a la Wairimu, periodista, quina font informativa més fiable teníem a l’abast i ens va recomanar la BBC, tot i que també ells cauen en informar des d’un prisma negatiu.

Aquí hi podeu trobar una anàlisi de la relació entre tribu i violència a diferents països africans (suggeriment de la superjelen!).

Kenya al 2008…

Bé, aquest post és fonamentalment per aclarir l’anterior. En pocs dies sembla que tot està empitjorant: com si haguessin sortit a la superfície molts dels problemes amagats de Kenya, problemes que semblava que es podien anar resolent sense la violència d’altres estats africans. Com que a més la premsa té dificultats per fer la seva feina, és difícil de saber què està passant exactament. La nostra gent coneguda no ha donat senyals de vida després de desitjar-nos bon Nadal.

La nostra experiència de l’estiu feia preveure poc aquesta situació. Sí que es va parlar de les eleccions, però potser ningú no s’esperava aquests resultats directes i indirectes.

Algunes pinzellades del que vam aprendre, però, ara tenen més sentit. Només enumerades, amb la intenció de parlar-ne més endavant:
– La preocupació per la nostra seguretat.
– Els slums i els desplaçaments del món rural a l’urbà (podeu veure Kibera al sud de Nairobi, l’equivalent al barri de chabolas més gran d’Àfrica, en aquest mapa de Nairobi).
– L’homilia de l’últim diumenge a la catedral de Nairobi (coneguda com la Basilica), sobre els criteris d’un cristià a l’hora d’anar a votar.
– La importància de crear espais interracials i intertribals, dels quals Kianda Foundation (l’entitat que suporta Kimlea) i Strathmore School (d’on va sortir Strathmore College, posteriorment Strathmore University) van ser pioners a l’àfrica de l’Est. Ambdues estaven impulsades per gent de l’Opus Dei (cosa que pot ser que sorprengui algú…), animada pel seu fundador, sant Josepmaria Escrivà.

Esperem que en pocs dies la situació es suavitzi. La veritat és que els matxets, vistos de prop, imposen.